Livestock Slaughter
Livestock Slaughter ISSN: 0499-0544 Released August 22, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Record High Red Meat and Pork Production in July July 2018 contained 22 weekdays (including 1 holiday) and 4 Saturdays. July 2019 contained 23 weekdays (including 1 holiday) and 4 Saturdays. Commercial red meat production for the United States totaled 4.59 billion pounds in July, up 8 percent from the 4.24 billion pounds produced in July 2018. Beef production, at 2.36 billion pounds, was 6 percent above the previous year. Cattle slaughter totaled 2.94 million head, up 6 percent from July 2018. The average live weight was down 4 pounds from the previous year, at 1,326 pounds. Veal production totaled 6.3 million pounds, 2 percent above July a year ago. Calf slaughter totaled 53,700 head, up 12 percent from July 2018. The average live weight was down 18 pounds from last year, at 205 pounds. Pork production totaled 2.21 billion pounds, up 11 percent from the previous year. Hog slaughter totaled 10.6 million head, up 10 percent from July 2018. The average live weight was up 3 pounds from the previous year, at 280 pounds. Lamb and mutton production, at 11.9 million pounds, was down 1 percent from July 2018. Sheep slaughter totaled 188,300 head, 5 percent above last year. The average live weight was 127 pounds, down 7 pounds from July a year ago. January to July 2019 commercial red meat production was 31.4 billion pounds, up 3 percent from 2018. Accumulated beef production was up 1 percent from last year, veal was down slightly, pork was up 5 percent from last year, and lamb and mutton production was down 1 percent. This page intentionally left blank. Contents Commercial Red Meat Production - United States....................................... 4 Federally Inspected Red Meat Production - United States.............................. 4 Livestock Slaughter and Average Live Weight - United States.......................... 5 Commercial Red Meat Production - States and United States............................ 6 Commercial Cattle Slaughter - States and United States: July 2018 and 2019........... 7 Commercial Calf Slaughter - States and United States: July 2018 and 2019............. 8 Commercial Hog Slaughter - States and United States: July 2018 and 2019.............. 9 Commercial Sheep and Lamb Slaughter - States and United States: July 2018 and 2019... 10 Livestock Slaughtered Under Federal Inspection by Class - United States.............. 11 Federally Inspected Slaughter Average Dressed Weight by Class - United States........ 11 Federally Inspected Slaughter - Regions and United States: July 2019................. 12 Federally Inspected Slaughter - Regions and United States: January to July 2019...... 13 Federally Inspected Slaughter Percent of Total Commercial Slaughter - United States.. 13 Statistical Methodology.............................................................. 14 Terms and Definitions Used for Livestock Slaughter Estimates......................... 15 Information Contacts................................................................. 16 Commercial Red Meat Production - United States [Totals, accumulated totals, and percentages based on unrounded data] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : : : : July 2019 as % of : January to July : July : June : July :---------------------------------------------------- Type : 2018 : 2019 : 2019 : July : June : : :2019 as % : : : : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 : of 2018 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : ------- million pounds ------ --- percent --- million pounds percent : Beef .............: 2,231.6 2,224.6 2,359.9 106 106 15,423.5 15,588.1 101 Veal .............: 6.1 5.7 6.3 102 110 42.9 42.7 100 Pork .............: 1,985.5 2,127.6 2,210.7 111 104 14,955.4 15,664.0 105 Lamb and mutton ..: 12.1 11.4 11.9 99 104 89.2 88.7 99 : Total red meat ...: 4,235.3 4,369.3 4,588.8 108 105 30,511.0 31,383.5 103 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Federally Inspected Red Meat Production - United States [Totals, accumulated totals, and percentages based on unrounded data] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : : : : July 2019 as % of : January to July : July : June : July :---------------------------------------------------- Type : 2018 : 2019 : 2019 : July : June : : :2019 as % : : : : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 : of 2018 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : ------- million pounds ------ --- percent --- million pounds percent : Beef .............: 2,205.8 2,199.7 2,335.2 106 106 15,229.5 15,399.3 101 Veal .............: 6.0 5.6 6.2 103 111 41.9 41.8 100 Pork .............: 1,973.9 2,118.3 2,199.1 111 104 14,879.0 15,590.8 105 Lamb and mutton ..: 11.0 10.3 10.7 97 104 82.0 80.4 98 : Total red meat ...: 4,196.6 4,333.8 4,551.1 108 105 30,232.3 31,112.3 103 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Livestock Slaughter and Average Live Weight - United States [Totals, accumulated totals, and percentages based on unrounded data] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : : : : July : January to July : July : June : July : 2019 as % :-------------------------------------------- Species : 2018 : 2019 : 2019 : of 2018 : : : 2019 as % : : : : : 2018 : 2019 : of 2018 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : percent percent : Cattle : Number of head : Federally inspected ..1,000: 2,728.7 2,768.8 2,902.6 106 18,789.9 19,171.4 102 Other ................1,000: 37.0 36.1 35.7 96 279.2 274.3 98 Commercial ...........1,000: 2,765.8 2,804.9 2,938.3 106 19,069.0 19,445.7 102 Live weight per head : Federally inspected .pounds: 1,332 1,315 1,328 100 1,345 1,335 99 Other ...............pounds: 1,203 1,190 1,197 99 1,209 1,196 99 Commercial ..........pounds: 1,330 1,313 1,326 100 1,343 1,333 99 : Calves : Number of head : Federally inspected ..1,000: 47.0 43.7 53.0 113 311.3 330.5 106 Other ................1,000: 0.8 0.7 0.6 76 5.1 4.7 92 Commercial ...........1,000: 47.9 44.4 53.7 112 316.4 335.2 106 Live weight per head : Federally inspected .pounds: 220 221 203 92 232 219 94 Other ...............pounds: 367 377 361 98 374 374 100 Commercial ..........pounds: 223 223 205 92 235 222 94 : Hogs : Number of head : Federally inspected ..1,000: 9,531.6 9,938.6 10,515.5 110 70,077.1 72,983.7 104 Other ................1,000: 62.5 50.1 62.7 100 408.3 391.3 96 Commercial ...........1,000: 9,594.1 9,988.7 10,578.2 110 70,485.5 73,374.9 104 Live weight per head : Federally inspected .pounds: 277 285 280 101 284 286 101 Other ...............pounds: 256 254 255 100 256 256 100 Commercial ..........pounds: 277 285 280 101 284 286 101 : Sheep and lambs : Number of head : Federally inspected ..1,000: 158.0 151.6 162.6 103 1,151.1 1,182.8 103 Other ................1,000: 21.9 23.7 25.8 117 139.3 172.8 124 Commercial ...........1,000: 180.0 175.3 188.3 105 1,290.4 1,355.6 105 Live weight per head : Federally inspected .pounds: 138 135 131 95 142 136 95 Other ...............pounds: 104 100 101 97 107 99 92 Commercial ..........pounds: 134 130 127 95 138 131 95 : Goats : Number of head : Federally inspected ..1,000: 43.0 40.0 47.6 111 287.2 305.5 106 Other ................1,000: 8.3 9.9 11.3 136 54.2 69.6 128 Commercial ...........1,000: 51.3 49.9 58.9 115 341.4 375.1 110 Live weight per head : Federally inspected .pounds: 65 65 64 98 64 65 101 Other ...............pounds: 80 81 81 101 81 81 99 Commercial ..........pounds: 68 68 67 100 67 68 101 : Bison : Number of head : Federally inspected ..1,000: 4.6 4.5 4.7 101 30.6 31.7 103 Other ................1,000: 0.3 0.4 0.3 109 3.3 3.6 112 Commercial ...........1,000: 4.9 4.9 5.0 101 33.9 35.3 104 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Commercial Red Meat Production - States and United States [Includes total beef, veal, pork, lamb, and mutton. Totals and percentages based on unrounded data.] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- State : July : June : July : July 2019 as : 2018 : 2019 : 2019 : % of 2018 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : ----------- million pounds ---------- percent : Alabama ...............: 1.0 0.7 0.6 63 Alaska ................: 0.1 (Y) 0.1 55 Arizona ...............: 38.2 39.2 42.8 112 Arkansas ..............: 0.3 0.3 0.3 105 California ............: 117.0 119.5 140.0 120 Colorado ..............: 183.3 178.7 192.4 105 Delaware-Maryland .....: 3.0 2.8 3.1 102 Florida ...............: 2.6 2.6 3.1 119 Georgia ...............: 13.1 13.7 14.2 108 Hawaii ................: 0.6 0.7 0.7 104 : Idaho .................: 25.1 27.8 30.8 123 Illinois ..............: 263.7 264.7 282.4 107 Indiana ...............: 137.6 142.2 142.7 104 Iowa ..................: 570.9 668.3 694.3 122 Kansas ................: 500.1 489.9 528.5 106 Kentucky ..............: 43.4 44.2 45.8 106 Louisiana .............: 0.3 0.3 0.3 101 Michigan ..............: 81.7 83.0 88.7 109 Minnesota .............: 227.0 221.4 228.0 100 Mississippi ...........: 0.5 0.5 0.5 105 : Missouri ..............: 149.7 143.9 159.1 106 Montana ...............: 1.0 1.4 1.1 106 Nebraska ..............: 654.8 671.4 680.1 104 Nevada ................: 0.2 0.1 0.1 67 New England 1/ ........: 1.9 2.2 2.3 118 New Jersey ............: 3.3 3.2 3.4 105 New Mexico ............: 0.3 0.2 0.3 102 New York ..............: 3.3 3.0 3.3 101 North Carolina ........: 186.5 215.1 206.3 111 North Dakota ..........: 0.5 0.5 0.5 109 : Ohio ..................: 20.1 18.9 20.7 103 Oklahoma ..............: 94.4 97.2 99.8 106 Oregon ................: 4.0 3.8 4.2 105 Pennsylvania ..........: 114.1 113.4 121.8 107 South Carolina ........: 8.8 12.4 13.2 149 South Dakota ..........: 109.3 123.3 125.1 114 Tennessee .............: 17.5 21.7 22.2 127 Texas .................: 391.5 367.6 397.6 102 Utah ..................: 48.5 47.5 52.2 108 Virginia ..............: 40.4 45.2 49.0 121 : Washington ............: 77.7 73.7 82.8 106 West Virginia .........: 0.6 0.4 0.4 80 Wisconsin .............: 97.1 102.1 103.3 106 Wyoming ...............: 0.4 0.3 0.4 102 : United States .........: 4,235.3 4,369.3 4,588.8 108 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (Y) Less than level of precision shown. 1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Commercial Cattle Slaughter - States and United States: July 2018 and 2019 [Data may not add to totals due to rounding] --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : Slaughtered : Total live weight : Average live weight State :-------------------------------------------------------------------- : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : ---- 1,000 head --- --- 1,000 pounds --- ---- pounds ---- : Alabama ..........: 0.5 0.4 477 440 1,021 1,036 Alaska ...........: 0.1 (Y) 116 (X) 1,204 (X) Arizona ..........: 45.6 49.8 62,298 68,672 1,368 1,381 Arkansas .........: 0.4 0.4 398 426 921 989 California .......: 115.1 132.7 155,297 174,543 1,358 1,324 Colorado .........: 209.5 224.3 282,937 298,524 1,352 1,332 Delaware-Maryland : 3.2 3.2 4,296 4,434 1,352 1,388 Florida ..........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Georgia ..........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Hawaii ...........: 0.9 1.0 959 1,025 1,117 1,058 : Idaho ............: 33.4 41.6 43,787 53,552 1,324 1,300 Illinois .........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Indiana ..........: 2.9 2.7 3,304 3,140 1,153 1,170 Iowa .............: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Kansas ...........: 578.9 614.9 772,226 818,555 1,334 1,332 Kentucky .........: 2.1 3.2 2,254 3,350 1,090 1,060 Louisiana ........: 0.5 0.5 368 387 799 841 Michigan .........: 47.1 (D) 64,965 (D) 1,389 (D) Minnesota ........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Mississippi ......: 0.3 0.3 245 289 802 858 : Missouri .........: 3.6 4.4 4,299 5,233 1,201 1,202 Montana ..........: 0.9 1.0 1,236 1,275 1,315 1,249 Nebraska .........: 627.5 651.7 855,892 884,499 1,365 1,358 Nevada ...........: 0.2 0.1 186 110 1,077 1,048 New England 1/ ...: 2.0 2.4 2,290 2,751 1,151 1,170 New Jersey .......: 3.4 3.6 3,766 3,912 1,104 1,098 New Mexico .......: 0.3 0.4 351 413 1,078 1,096 New York .........: 3.3 3.5 3,875 4,077 1,188 1,192 North Carolina ...: 5.3 6.0 6,466 7,378 1,234 1,237 North Dakota .....: 0.6 0.6 729 814 1,272 1,292 : Ohio .............: 4.9 5.2 6,383 6,728 1,302 1,292 Oklahoma .........: 2.5 2.1 2,572 2,264 1,034 1,060 Oregon ...........: 1.6 1.5 1,790 1,725 1,144 1,138 Pennsylvania .....: 83.4 91.5 99,019 108,695 1,192 1,192 South Carolina ...: 13.7 20.7 16,771 25,476 1,231 1,237 South Dakota .....: 36.1 41.1 50,904 57,431 1,415 1,403 Tennessee ........: 1.9 0.9 1,871 958 993 1,117 Texas ............: 494.6 500.0 632,335 642,346 1,281 1,288 Utah .............: 58.2 62.2 77,196 83,677 1,328 1,347 Virginia .........: 1.0 1.1 1,132 1,198 1,094 1,074 : Washington .......: 91.0 97.3 126,433 134,658 1,392 1,388 West Virginia ....: 0.5 0.4 589 477 1,199 1,170 Wisconsin ........: 106.5 114.7 145,790 156,803 1,377 1,375 Wyoming ..........: 0.4 0.5 501 527 1,136 1,093 : United States ....: 2,765.8 2,938.3 3,672,115 3,888,066 1,330 1,326 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (X) Not applicable. (Y) Less than level of precision shown. 1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Commercial Calf Slaughter - States and United States: July 2018 and 2019 [Data may not add to totals due to rounding] --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : Slaughtered : Total live weight : Average live weight State :-------------------------------------------------------------------- : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : -- 1,000 head -- -- 1,000 pounds -- --- pounds --- : Alabama ..........: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) Alaska ...........: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X) (D) Arizona ..........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Arkansas .........: (D) (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X) California .......: 7.8 7.7 748 707 98 93 Colorado .........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Delaware-Maryland : (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Florida ..........: 0.1 0.1 26 28 410 407 Georgia ..........: 0.1 0.1 52 43 456 446 Hawaii ...........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) : Idaho ............: 2.7 3.6 300 358 112 100 Illinois .........: 0.1 0.1 23 32 368 366 Indiana ..........: (D) 0.4 (D) 120 (D) 289 Iowa .............: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Kansas ...........: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) Kentucky .........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Louisiana ........: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) Michigan .........: 0.1 0.1 32 30 309 301 Minnesota ........: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) Mississippi ......: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X) (D) : Missouri .........: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) Montana ..........: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) Nebraska .........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Nevada ...........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) New England 1/ ...: 0.2 0.3 31 62 177 228 New Jersey .......: 1.7 1.9 622 702 369 378 New Mexico .......: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) New York .........: 8.5 10.3 922 855 109 83 North Carolina ...: 0.1 0.1 51 19 369 248 North Dakota .....: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) : Ohio .............: 12.7 14.5 1,794 1,956 142 136 Oklahoma .........: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) Oregon ...........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Pennsylvania .....: 8.1 8.8 3,433 3,790 423 431 South Carolina ...: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X) (D) South Dakota .....: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X) (D) Tennessee ........: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) Texas ............: 0.3 0.2 128 88 419 432 Utah .............: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Virginia .........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) : Washington .......: (D) 0.9 (D) 63 (D) 73 West Virginia ....: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Wisconsin ........: 4.7 4.3 2,228 1,958 478 462 Wyoming ..........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) : United States ....: 47.9 53.7 10,610 10,961 223 205 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (X) Not applicable. (Y) Less than level of precision shown. 1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Commercial Hog Slaughter - States and United States: July 2018 and 2019 [Data may not add to totals due to rounding] --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : Slaughtered : Total live weight : Average live weight State :-------------------------------------------------------------------- : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : ---- 1,000 head --- --- 1,000 pounds --- --- pounds --- : Alabama ..........: 2.7 1.5 1,093 546 414 375 Alaska ...........: 0.1 0.1 41 37 317 282 Arizona ..........: (D) 0.1 (D) 23 (D) 290 Arkansas .........: 0.4 0.5 120 131 275 282 California .......: 158.3 212.6 39,699 54,776 251 258 Colorado .........: 1.8 1.7 437 421 247 243 Delaware-Maryland : 1.6 1.5 384 367 244 244 Florida ..........: 5.6 5.7 633 724 113 128 Georgia ..........: 5.3 5.4 1,281 1,271 241 237 Hawaii ...........: 0.4 0.4 103 96 241 255 : Idaho ............: 12.8 15.0 3,376 4,055 264 270 Illinois .........: 938.9 993.3 263,726 281,506 281 284 Indiana ..........: 664.4 680.2 179,928 186,285 271 274 Iowa .............: 2,641.7 3,191.0 732,587 892,316 277 280 Kansas ...........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Kentucky .........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Louisiana ........: 0.5 0.5 135 128 255 257 Michigan .........: 205.8 232.9 58,447 66,636 284 286 Minnesota ........: 963.7 955.1 260,592 258,894 270 271 Mississippi ......: 2.9 2.8 457 444 160 158 : Missouri .........: 695.2 728.2 195,459 207,395 281 285 Montana ..........: 1.3 1.4 351 373 273 259 Nebraska .........: 608.2 641.4 168,029 178,996 276 279 Nevada ...........: 0.2 0.2 51 41 268 258 New England 1/ ...: 2.7 2.9 688 722 255 245 New Jersey .......: 7.8 8.3 779 794 100 95 New Mexico .......: 0.2 0.2 56 58 267 253 New York .........: 2.4 2.4 544 539 230 229 North Carolina ...: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) North Dakota .....: 0.3 0.2 73 62 285 296 : Ohio .............: 75.1 75.3 20,786 21,277 277 283 Oklahoma .........: 449.3 469.5 122,372 128,506 272 274 Oregon ...........: 13.6 14.6 3,582 3,937 264 270 Pennsylvania .....: 269.2 272.4 72,686 75,183 270 276 South Carolina ...: 2.5 2.2 600 561 241 250 South Dakota .....: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Tennessee ........: 55.1 71.2 24,786 32,382 450 455 Texas ............: 23.1 24.6 5,689 5,045 247 205 Utah .............: 4.2 4.8 752 547 181 114 Virginia .........: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) : Washington .......: 1.0 1.1 256 278 246 255 West Virginia ....: 0.8 0.6 222 156 278 270 Wisconsin ........: 59.9 62.6 26,565 27,299 445 438 Wyoming ..........: 0.3 0.2 64 60 243 251 : United States ....: 9,594.1 10,578.2 2,657,005 2,956,156 277 280 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. 1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Commercial Sheep and Lamb Slaughter - States and United States: July 2018 and 2019 [Data may not add to totals due to rounding] --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : Slaughtered : Total live weight : Average live weight State :-------------------------------------------------------------------- : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : --- 1,000 head -- -- 1,000 pounds -- --- pounds --- : Alabama ..........: (Y) 0.1 (X) 8 (X) 102 Alaska ...........: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X) (X) Arizona ..........: (D) 0.4 (D) 55 (D) 135 Arkansas .........: 0.1 0.1 5 5 96 92 California .......: 27.4 26.0 4,253 3,732 155 144 Colorado .........: 52.4 55.3 8,810 8,800 168 159 Delaware-Maryland : 3.2 3.3 310 301 96 91 Florida ..........: 1.5 1.7 84 97 56 58 Georgia ..........: 1.9 3.0 122 182 64 61 Hawaii ...........: 0.1 0.1 17 12 122 116 : Idaho ............: 0.2 0.2 22 26 145 131 Illinois .........: 4.3 4.9 417 421 98 86 Indiana ..........: 3.9 4.8 459 524 119 108 Iowa .............: 0.3 0.2 46 37 174 161 Kansas ...........: 0.4 0.4 47 47 107 108 Kentucky .........: 1.4 1.6 186 190 130 122 Louisiana ........: 0.3 0.3 16 18 56 59 Michigan .........: 18.4 (D) 2,544 (D) 138 (D) Minnesota ........: 0.4 0.5 37 46 104 100 Mississippi ......: 0.8 1.1 47 61 62 56 : Missouri .........: 0.9 1.0 76 83 87 85 Montana ..........: 0.4 0.4 54 51 132 137 Nebraska .........: 0.1 0.1 12 16 154 140 Nevada ...........: 0.1 0.2 18 19 150 125 New England 1/ ...: 2.5 3.3 249 330 99 100 New Jersey .......: 13.0 14.0 1,020 1,071 78 77 New Mexico .......: 0.8 0.5 120 75 146 145 New York .........: 4.5 4.4 478 445 107 103 North Carolina ...: 1.2 1.6 85 108 72 67 North Dakota .....: (Y) 0.1 (X) 10 (X) 133 : Ohio .............: 4.3 5.0 668 790 156 159 Oklahoma .........: 1.0 0.7 136 65 134 91 Oregon ...........: 4.2 4.3 609 593 146 138 Pennsylvania .....: 7.1 6.7 721 690 102 103 South Carolina ...: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) South Dakota .....: 0.3 0.4 52 61 154 138 Tennessee ........: 0.7 0.9 49 59 69 65 Texas ............: 12.3 14.1 952 1,177 78 83 Utah .............: 1.7 2.0 227 272 137 138 Virginia .........: 0.8 0.6 58 51 74 82 : Washington .......: 1.2 1.5 168 196 138 134 West Virginia ....: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) Wisconsin ........: 4.1 1.4 706 211 174 155 Wyoming ..........: 0.1 0.1 10 11 139 136 : United States ....: 180.0 188.3 24,138 23,884 134 127 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (X) Not applicable. (Y) Less than level of precision shown. 1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Livestock Slaughtered Under Federal Inspection by Class - United States [Data may not add to totals due to rounding] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ : : : : January to July : : : : January to July Class : July : June : July :-----------------------: July : June : July :----------------------- : 2018 : 2019 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ : --------------------- 1,000 head -------------------- ----------------- percent of total ---------------- : Cattle : Steers ...........: 1,411.1 1,456.4 1,492.9 9,736.2 9,622.0 51.7 52.6 51.4 51.8 50.2 Heifers ..........: 772.6 773.0 842.5 5,177.1 5,565.4 28.3 27.9 29.0 27.6 29.0 All cows .........: 498.6 490.1 520.0 3,562.9 3,682.7 18.3 17.7 17.9 19.0 19.2 Dairy cows .......: 239.8 231.2 256.8 1,808.5 1,894.3 8.8 8.3 8.8 9.6 9.9 Other cows .......: 258.8 258.9 263.2 1,754.4 1,788.4 9.5 9.4 9.1 9.3 9.3 Bulls ............: 46.5 49.3 47.2 313.7 301.3 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.6 : Total ............: 2,728.7 2,768.8 2,902.6 18,789.9 19,171.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 : Calves and : vealers ...... : 47.0 43.7 53.0 311.3 330.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 : Hogs : Barrows and : gilts ..........: 9,260.9 9,667.3 10,240.1 68,115.5 71,018.7 97.2 97.3 97.4 97.2 97.3 Sows .............: 240.2 241.9 253.5 1,747.6 1,752.2 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.4 Boars ............: 30.6 29.5 21.9 214.0 212.7 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 : Total ............: 9,531.6 9,938.6 10,515.5 70,077.1 72,983.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 : Sheep : Mature : sheep ..........: 9.3 8.8 10.0 60.0 64.5 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.2 5.5 Lambs and : yearlings ......: 148.8 142.7 152.6 1,091.0 1,118.3 94.1 94.2 93.9 94.8 94.5 : Total ............: 158.0 151.6 162.6 1,151.1 1,182.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Federally Inspected Slaughter Average Dressed Weight by Class - United States [Data may not add to totals due to rounding] ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : : : : January to July Class : July : June : July :----------------------- : 2018 : 2019 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : pounds : Cattle ............... : 810 796 806 812 805 Steers 1/ ...............: 870 851 866 869 864 Heifers 1/ ..............: 803 787 796 809 803 All cows 1/ .............: 642 637 643 654 646 Bulls 1/ ................: 890 909 883 898 887 : Calves and vealers ... : 128 128 117 135 127 : Hogs ................. : 207 213 209 212 214 Barrows and gilts 2/ ....: 205 211 207 210 212 Sows 2/ .................: 306 306 305 305 304 Boars 2/ ................: 191 201 229 195 193 : Sheep ................ : 70 68 66 71 68 Mature sheep 3/ .........: 67 65 67 68 65 Lambs and yearlings 3/ ..: 70 68 66 71 68 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/ Included in cattle average dressed weight. 2/ Included in hog average dressed weight. 3/ Included in sheep average dressed weight. Federally Inspected Slaughter - Regions and United States: July 2019 [Data may not add to totals due to rounding] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : Cattle : Calves Standard :----------------------------------------------------------------------- federal : : : : Cows : : regions 1/ : Total : Steers :Heifers :--------------------------: Bulls : Total : : : : All : Dairy : Other : : -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : 1,000 head : 1 ............: 2.1 0.8 (D) 0.3 0.2 0.1 (D) 0.3 2 ............: 6.9 1.7 1.3 3.2 3.0 0.2 0.7 12.2 3 ............: 94.7 31.6 2.8 56.5 44.8 11.7 3.8 9.1 4 ............: 60.1 3.5 1.0 48.1 13.2 34.9 7.5 0.2 5 ............: 291.4 145.9 (D) 107.3 69.4 37.9 (D) 19.1 6 ............: 498.6 232.9 170.6 86.0 28.0 57.9 9.1 0.1 7 ............:1,299.9 748.1 489.4 54.6 4.6 50.0 7.8 (Y) 8 ............: 326.0 184.9 102.2 37.4 7.9 29.5 1.5 (Y) 9 ............: 182.9 87.6 17.7 74.7 59.7 15.0 2.9 7.5 10 ...........: 139.9 55.9 27.9 51.9 26.0 25.9 4.2 4.5 : United States :2,902.6 1,492.9 842.5 520.0 256.8 263.2 47.2 53.0 :---------------------------------------------------------------------- : Hogs : Sheep :---------------------------------------------------------------------- : Total : Barrows : : : Total : Mature :Lambs and : :and gilts: Sows : Boars : : sheep :yearlings :---------------------------------------------------------------------- : 1,000 head : 1 ............: 2.7 2.6 (Y) (Y) 3.2 0.2 3.0 2 ............: 10.6 10.5 (Y) (Y) 17.9 1.7 16.2 3 ............: 507.1 506.2 (D) (D) 11.4 1.2 10.3 4 ............: (D) (D) (D) (D) 9.8 1.2 8.6 5 ............: 2,967.7 2,845.9 117.7 4.1 29.5 2.5 27.1 6 ............: 490.9 490.8 0.1 (Y) 2.9 0.4 2.5 7 ............: 4,570.7 4,499.6 60.4 10.7 1.2 (Y) 1.2 8 ............: (D) (D) 0.3 (Y) 57.0 1.5 55.5 9 ............: 209.1 209.1 (Y) (Y) 24.7 0.9 23.8 10 ...........: 30.4 30.4 (Y) (Y) 4.9 0.4 4.5 : United States :10,515.5 10,240.1 253.5 21.9 162.6 10.0 152.6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (Y) Less than level of precision shown. 1/ States included in regions are as follows: 1 - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont; 2 - New Jersey, New York; 3 - Delaware-Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia; 4 - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee; 5 - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin; 6 - Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas; 7 - Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska; 8- Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming; 9 - Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada; 10 - Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington. Federally Inspected Slaughter - Regions and United States: January to July 2019 [Data may not add to totals due to rounding] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : Cattle : Calves Standard :----------------------------------------------------------------------- federal : : : : Cows : : regions 1/ : Total : Steers :Heifers :--------------------------: Bulls : Total : : : : All : Dairy : Other : : -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : 1,000 head : 1 ............: 13.7 4.7 (D) 2.2 1.2 1.0 (D) 1.7 2 ............: 47.1 11.9 9.3 21.4 20.0 1.4 4.4 67.0 3 ............: 665.3 224.2 15.4 399.1 316.7 82.4 26.5 64.0 4 ............: 392.3 25.1 8.3 308.7 95.1 213.5 50.2 1.7 5 ............: 1,960.5 935.6 (D) 767.9 496.3 271.6 (D) 116.1 6 ............: 3,344.2 1,596.2 1,065.3 624.8 220.9 403.9 57.9 0.6 7 ............: 8,545.5 4,827.5 3,244.4 416.4 42.1 374.4 57.1 0.3 8 ............: 2,093.0 1,135.0 692.4 256.6 58.0 198.6 8.9 (Y) 9 ............: 1,175.5 531.3 110.0 517.3 436.4 81.0 16.9 51.8 10 ...........: 934.3 330.3 214.7 368.2 207.7 160.5 21.1 27.2 : United States :19,171.4 9,622.0 5,565.4 3,682.7 1,894.3 1,788.4 301.3 330.5 :---------------------------------------------------------------------- : Hogs : Sheep :---------------------------------------------------------------------- : Total : Barrows : : : Total : Mature :Lambs and : :and gilts : Sows : Boars : : sheep :yearlings :---------------------------------------------------------------------- : 1,000 head : 1 ............: 15.9 15.5 0.3 0.1 21.6 1.0 20.7 2 ............: 72.6 72.1 0.4 0.1 129.0 12.6 116.4 3 ............: 3,220.6 3,214.2 (D) (D) 82.7 8.6 74.0 4 ............: (D) (D) (D) (D) 59.3 7.1 52.2 5 ............: 20,947.1 20,090.2 825.8 31.1 196.6 14.0 182.6 6 ............: 3,407.8 3,407.2 0.5 0.1 26.1 3.2 22.9 7 ............: 31,604.8 31,045.0 429.0 130.8 8.2 0.1 8.1 8 ............: (D) (D) 3.7 0.2 445.6 9.5 436.1 9 ............: 1,289.4 1,289.1 0.3 (Y) 184.0 6.6 177.4 10 ...........: 201.4 201.1 0.3 (Y) 29.8 1.8 27.9 : United States : 72,983.7 71,018.7 1,752.2 212.7 1,182.8 64.5 1,118.3 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (Y) Less than level of precision shown. 1/ States included in regions are as follows: 1 - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont; 2 - New Jersey, New York; 3 - Delaware-Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia; 4 - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee; 5 - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin; 6 - Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas; 7 - Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska; 8- Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming; 9 - Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada; 10 - Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington. Federally Inspected Slaughter Percent of Total Commercial Slaughter - United States -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : : : : January to July Species : July : June : July :------------------------ : 2018 : 2019 : 2019 : 2018 : 2019 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : percent : Cattle .......: 98.7 98.7 98.8 98.5 98.6 Calves .......: 98.2 98.4 98.8 98.4 98.6 Hogs .........: 99.3 99.5 99.4 99.4 99.5 Sheep ........: 87.8 86.5 86.3 89.2 87.3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Statistical Methodology Data Sources: Primary data for the Livestock Slaughter publication are obtained from electronic reports completed by inspectors from the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), USDA, which provide daily counts of animals slaughtered in Federally Inspected (FI) plants, in addition to total live and dressed weights. These counts are combined with data from State-administered Non-Federally Inspected (NFI) slaughter plants to derive total commercial slaughter estimates. There are approximately 800 livestock slaughter plants in the United States operating under Federal Inspection and about 1,900 Non-Federally Inspected (State-inspected or custom-exempt) slaughter plants. Slaughter from State- inspected Talmedge-Aiken plants is included in FI totals (see Terms and Definitions, page 15). To prevent duplication in reporting between FI and NFI plants and assure all FI plants are included, certificates prepared by FSIS identifying operating status are constantly monitored. Revision Policy: Number of head slaughtered, live weights, and dressed weights are subject to revision the following month after the monthly release. Annual totals are published in the slaughter summary each April which includes any revisions made to current and previous year's published data. Revisions are generally the result of late reports received from slaughter plants and are usually less than one-half of one percent. No revisions will be made to the previous year's data after the publication of the annual summary in April. Procedures and Reliability: The livestock slaughter data is obtained electronically on a daily basis and summarized approximately two weeks after the week of slaughter. A computer program compares each plant's data with the historical data for that plant. Data are checked for unusual values for head kill, patterns of kill, average weights, and dressing percent, based on each plant's past operating profile. In addition, the computer program provides a listing of missing reports for follow-up contact with FSIS. Average live and dressed weights and dressing percentages by State are compared with the previous weeks as an additional check. Fluctuations are frequently the result of plants permanently or temporarily closing and a shift in the species reported. The FSIS District Veterinary Medical Specialists (DVMS) are contacted by e- mail or telephone for missing or potentially erroneous slaughter data. This assures that plants slaughtering a large number of head or several species are accounted for each week. Any corrections FSIS makes to the slaughter data are included in the summary. Computer imputation may be necessary for incomplete reports. The imputation of live and dressed weights is based on the current week reported data of plants of similar size and location. Imputation for live and dressed weight data for cattle and hogs is less than 10 percent and 7 percent, respectively. The imputation for calves and sheep is more frequent and variable. If no data is received electronically or by other means, for plants slaughtering fewer than 50 total head weekly of only one species, data are imputed. The imputation of head for any plant is based on the historical data for that particular plant. The imputation of head slaughtered is rare but when necessary, the imputed head kill for missing plants usually is less than 1 percent of the United States head kill totals. FI data are summarized weekly and accumulated to a monthly total for this release. These weekly totals are published by USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) in Livestock, Meat, Wool Market News, Weekly Summary, and statistics are also available on the NASS website. NFI data are summarized monthly only. Livestock slaughter estimates are based on a census of operating plants and therefore, have no sampling error. However, they may be subject to non- sampling errors such as omissions, duplications and mistakes in reporting, recording and processing the data. These errors are minimized through rigid quality controls in the computer edit program and summarization process, and a careful review of all reported data for consistency and reasonableness. No data are published when an individual plant's data could be divulged. If not published, as indicated with a (D), these data are still included in United States and region totals. A review of the data is made annually to determine the publishable data. Terms and Definitions Used for Livestock Slaughter Estimates Average Live Weight: The weight of the whole animal, before slaughter. Excludes post-mortem condemnations. Commercial Production: Includes slaughter and meat production in federally inspected and other plants, but excludes animals slaughtered on farms. Based on packers' dressed weights. Custom-Exempt Plants: Plants that do not sell meat but operate on a custom basis only are custom-exempt. The animals and meat are not inspected, but the facilities must meet health standards. These are considered NFI plants and head kill is included in NFI totals. Dressed Weight: The weight of a chilled animal carcass. Beef with kidney knob in; veal with hide off; lamb and mutton with pluck out; pork with leaf fat and kidneys out, jowls on and head off. Dressing Percent: Usually expressed as a percentage yield of chilled carcass in relation to the weight of the live animal on hoof. For example, a live hog that weighed 200 pounds on hoof and yielded a carcass weighing 140 pounds would have a dressing percentage of 70. Federally Inspected (FI) Plants: Plants that transport meat interstate must employ federal inspectors to assure compliance with USDA standards. Any state whose commercial plants operate entirely under federal inspection may still have custom-exempt establishments for which NFI estimates are made. Food and Meat Inspection: Includes examination, checking, or testing of a carcass and/or meat against established government standards and involves checking the facility for cleanliness, health of animals, or parts of animals and quality of the meat produced. Non-Federally Inspected (NFI) Plants: Plants which sell and transport only intrastate. State inspectors assure compliance with individual state standards for these NFI plants. Mobile slaughtering units are excluded and are considered farm slaughter. Number of Head: Includes post-mortem condemnations. Plant, Slaughter: An establishment where animals are killed and butchered. Red Meat: Red meat production is the carcass weight after slaughter excluding condemnation and is comprised of beef, veal, pork, and lamb and mutton. The FI red meat production is equal to the total carcass weight after slaughter. The NFI meat production formula is (NFI head kill) X (live weight) X (FI dressing percentage) = NFI red meat production. Slaughter: Killing and butchering of animals primarily for food. Slaughter, Farm: Animals slaughtered on farms primarily for home consumption. Excludes custom slaughter for farmers at commercial establishments, but includes mobile slaughtering on farms. These estimates appear only in the annual slaughter release. Talmedge-Aiken (TA) Plants: Slaughter plants in which USDA is responsible for inspection. However, federal inspection is carried out by State employees. These plants are considered to be federally inspected. Total Live Weight: The total weight of live animals, before slaughter. Excludes post-mortem condemnations. Wholesome Meat Act: Legislation that specifies that all meat produced for sale in the United States must be inspected. Meat that is transported interstate must be inspected in compliance with Federal (USDA) Standards. Information Contacts Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@nass.usda.gov. Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch ......... (202) 720-3570 Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ........... (202) 690-2424 Sherry Bertramsen - Livestock Slaughter ...... (202) 690-8632 Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats .............. (202) 720-0585 Donnie Fike - Dairy Products ................. (202) 720-4448 Heidi Lanouette - Cattle, Cattle on Feed ..... (202) 720-3040 Mike Miller - Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278 Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs ................. (202) 720-3106 Access to NASS Reports For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following ways: All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web site: http://www.nass.usda.gov Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e- mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov and in the "Follow NASS" box under "Receive reports by Email," click on "National" or "State" to select the reports you would like to receive. For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: nass@nass.usda.gov. 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